Table of Content

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF: There are three main tense and they are: Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense

 

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF

 

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF 

 There are three main tense and they are:
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
 What are the 12 types of tenses?
Each of these tenses has four forms and they are: 
 
1. Present Tense
  1.1: Present Indefinite or Simple Present Tense
  1.2: Present Continuous Tense
  1.3: Present Perfect Tense
  1.4: Present Perfect Continuous Tense 
 
2. Past Tense
  2.1: Past Indefinite or Simple Past Tense
  2.2: Past Continuous Tense
  2.3: Past Perfect Tense
  2.4: Past Perfect Continuous Tense

3. Future Tense
  3.1: Future Indefinite Tense 
  3.2: Future Continuous Tense
  3.3: Future Perfect Tense
  3.4: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF 

1. Present Tense

  1.1: Present Indefinite or Simple Present Tense:
    Structure: Subject + Verb + Object

    Note:

If the subject is third person singular number then we have to add s or es with the verb.


    Uses: This tense is used to express any universal or general truth or habit and routine.


    Examples:
  1. I drink coffee every morning.
  2. Honey is sweet.
  3. The earth is revolves around the sun.
  4. Water boil at 100° c.
  5. I play cricket.   
Interrogative Sentence 
Structure: 
  • Do/Does + Subject + V1 +......  
  • Question word + do/does + Subject + V1 + ..... 
Examples:
  1. Do you read the book? 
  2. Do you play cricket? 
  3. Why do you drink coffee? 
  4. Does he go to the park? 
  5. Why does she not clean the house?
 Negative Sentence
Structure: Subject + do/does + not + V1 +  ....... 
Example:
  1. We do not know him. 
  2. He does not love her. 
  3. They do not play football. 
  4. I do not drink tea. 
  5. Ram does not watch tv.

  1.2: Present Continuous Tense:
    Structure: Subject + am/is/are + V+ing + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to express any action happening now (at the time of speaking) or temporary activity.


    Examples: 
  1. It is raining outside.
  2. I am playing cricket with my friends.
  3. Avijit is learning to play guitar.
  4. I am learning computer programming.
  5. We are going to a tour.  
Interrogative Sentence 
Structure: 
  • Am/Is/Are + Subject + V1 + ing + ...? 
  • Question word + am/is/are + Subject + V1 + ing + .....? 
Example:
  1. Is he going to school? 
  2. Why you are watching the tv? 
  3. Am I reading the book? 
  4. Are you playing chess? 
  5. Is she doing the party?
 Negative Sentence
Structure: Subject + am/is/are + not + V1 + ing + ..... 
Example: 
  1.  I am not suffering from fever. 
  2. He is not reading the book. 
  3. They are not going to the office. 
  4. He is not driving the car. 
  5. You are not coming here.

 
  1.3: Present Perfect Tense:
    Structure: Subject + have/has + V3(past  participle form) + Object.

    Uses: This tense is used to express any experience in life and recent action or event (here time is not mention). 

 
    Examples
  1. I have done it.
  2. I have finished my home work (may be 5 minutes or 1 hour ago but here time is not important).
  3. I have taught computer to many students.
  4. My hand has broken.
  5. She has died.   
Interrogative Sentence 
Structure:
  • Have/Has + Subject + V3 + .....? 
  • Question word + has/have + Subject + V3 + .....? 
Example:
  1. Has he gone to school? 
  2. Have I drunk coffee? 
  3. What have you read today? 
  4. Why has she come here? 
  5. Why have they told lie? 
Negative Sentence
Structure: Subject + have/has + not + V3 + ...... 
Example:
  1. I have not done it. 
  2. He has not built the house.
  3. You have not played cricket. 
  4. You have not given the exam. 
  5. Riya has not eaten yet.

  1.4: Present Perfect Continuous Tense:
    Structure: Subject + has/have + been + V+ing + Object.

    Uses: This tense is used to express any action that started in the past and are still continuing.


    Examples:
  1. I have been playing cricket for 5 years.
  2. I have been living here for 10 years.
  3. He has been waiting at the bus stand since 6pm.
  4. She has been studying for 3 hours.
  5. I have been waiting to see the doctor since 4pm.  
Interrogative Sentence 
Structure: 
  • Have/Has + Subject + been + V1 + ing + ..... + since/for  + .....? 
  • Question word + have/has + Subject + been + V1 + ing +..... + since/for + ....? 
Example:
  1. Have you been playing since 3 o' clock? 
  2. Has he been reading for two hours? 
  3. Why have you been sleeping since 12 pm?
  4. Has she been cooking for three hours? 
  5. Have you been eating for one hour? 
Negative Sentence
Structure: Subject + have/has + not + been + V1 + ing +.... + since/for + ..... 
Example:
  1. I have not been sleeping since 12 pm.
  2. He has not been waiting for me since 4 o' clock.
  3. She has not been reading for three hours. 
  4. They have not been playing since 3 pm.
  5. I have not been working for one month. 

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula

2. Past Tense

  2.1: Past Indefinite or Simple Past: 
    Structure: Subject + V2 + Object
 

    Uses: This tense is used to express any completed action in the past or any habitual action in the past.


    Examples: 
  1. I drank coffee.
  2. My father built this house in 2008.
  3. I played cricket with my friend.
  4. He bought a car from kolkata.
  5. I called him.
  2.2: Past Continuous Tense:
    Structure: Subject + was/were + V+ing + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to express any unfinished, ongoing action in the past (+ finished action).


    Examples: 
  1. I was reading when he came.
  2. It was raining when the power went out.
  3. We were playing cricket.
  4. I saw an accident while i was going to the market.
  5. When i came she was crying.
  2.3: Past Perfect Tense:
    Structure: Subject + had + V3(past participle form) + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to express which action happen first when there are two more past action.


    Examples: 
  1. The train had left the platform before i reached the station.
  2. He had read the book before i came.
  3. He had come to the theater before i came.
  4. I had fallen asleep before 9 o'clock.
  5. I had reached my home before rain started.
2.4: Past Perfect Continuous Tense:
  Structure: Subject + had been + V+ing + Object.

    Uses: This tense is used to denotes an continuous action in the past before another finished action.


    Examples:
  1.  I had been waiting for 2 hours when the doctor arrived.
  2. I had been working when he came.
  3. He had been suffering from fever before the doctor came.
  4. They had been playing cricket before rain started.
  5. I had been reading the book before she came to my house.

12 Types of tenses with examples and formula pdf

3. Future Tense

  3.1: Future Indefinite Tense:
    Structure: Subject + will/shall + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to denotes an action that will happen in the future.


    Examples: 
  1. India will will win the world cup.
  2. He will come to our home.
  3. I shall go to the school.
  4. He will buy a car from kolkata.
  5. We shall go to the Tajmahal.
  3.2: Future Continuous Tense:
    Structure: Subject + shall/will + be + V+ing + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to denotes any on going action in the future.


    Examples:
  1. I will be driving at that time.
  2. She will be doing it.
  3. I shall be workin in the office when he come home.
  4. Tomorrow she will be washing the clothes.
  3.3: Future Perfect Tense:
    Structure: Subject + shall/will + have + V3(past participle form) + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to denotes any action will be completed at some point of time in the future.


    Examples:
  1. I shall have finished the work before you come.
  2. He will have completed the work by monday.
  3. She will have finished the book.
  4. It will have stopped raining.
  3.4: Future Perfect Continuous Tense:
This tense is no longer in practical use

    Structure: Subject + will + have + been + V+ing + Object

    Uses: This tense is used to denotes any ongoing action in the future with duration.


    Examples:
  1. By august i will have been living in London for six months.
  2. By january he will have been saving money for one year.

12 Types of Tenses with Examples and Formula PDF

To download pdf please contact us.

Post a Comment

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.